2019

  • Closing the SDG Budget Gap

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require major societal transformations that will depend on significant fiscal outlays and private investments. These fiscal outlays cover public investments, the public provision of social services, and social protection for vulnerable populations. The key message of this report, in line with and building on recent findings from the IMF Fiscal Affairs Department (FAD), is that the governments of the Low-Income Developing Countries (LIDCs), a group of 59 low-income countries with annual incomes below US $2,700 per capita, will have to increase budget outlays significantly to achieve the SDGs, significantly outstripping their current and potential domestic revenues. The estimation of this report is that the SDG public financing gap for the world’s poorest countries is on the order of $300-400 billion USD, an amount equal to a small share of the incomes of donor countries and the world’s wealthiest individuals. This report also emphasizes that precise estimates of SDG financing needs depend on further, country-specific costing analyses that LIDC governments and the international community should undertake as a matter of priority.

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2018

  • How the Global Fund drives Innovation

    This working paper by Dr. Guido Schmidt-Traub describes four ways in which the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria has promoted innovation in the design and implementation of national programs to tackle the diseases. Other SDG investment priorities require similar innovation and propagation of learning. They will benefit from studying and applying lessons […]

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2017

  • Global Fund lessons for Sustainable Development Goals

    The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis (TB), and Malaria (GF) was launched in 2001 in the context of the AIDS pandemic and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Thanks in large part to key design principles (DPs), the GF public-private partnership has played a major role in advancing public health science and in scaling up and strengthening evidence-based public health efforts in developing countries. As world leaders prepare to advance international development finance at the July 2017 Group of 20 (G20) Summit, we suggest the GF as a template for funding research, development, and scale-up of interventions in both health and nonhealth areas of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which replaced MDGs in 2016.

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2016

  • Indicators and a Monitoring Framework for FfD: Proposals for Follow-up and Review of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda

    This paper considers what aspects of the AAAA are already being monitored by the SDG indicator framework and identifies gaps, before reviewing a sample set of issues that should be measured using additional AAAA-specific indicators. It also presents options for establishing an indicator-based global monitoring process, as well as complementary monitoring processes at regional and national levels, and amongst non-governmental actors. It critically evaluates the feasibility of each option, setting out key recommendations for Member States.

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2015

2013