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The Goals and Targets presented here are those recommended by SDSN in our Action Agenda for Sustainable Development, published in 2013. The final set of 17 goals proposed by the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals is available here.

Goal 1: End Extreme Poverty Including Hunger

End extreme poverty in all its forms, including hunger, child stunting, malnutrition, and food insecurity. Support highly vulnerable countries.

Target 1a. End extreme poverty including absolute income poverty ($1.25 or less per day).

Target 1b. End hunger and achieve food security, appropriate nutrition, and zero child stunting.

Target 1c. Provide enhanced support for highly vulnerable states and Least Developed Countries, to address the structural challenges facing those countries, including violence and conflict.*

View Goal 1: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 2: Promote Economic Growth and Decent Jobs Within Planetary Boundaries

All countries have a right to development that respects planetary boundaries, ensures sustainable production and consumption patterns, and helps to stabilize the global population by mid-century.

Target 2a. Each country reaches at least the next income level and promotes decent work.* Target 2b. Countries report on their contribution to planetary boundaries and incorporate them, together with other environmental and social indicators, into expanded GDP measures and national accounts.*

Target 2b. Countries report on their contribution to planetary boundaries and incorporate them, together with other environmental and social indicators, into expanded GDP measures and national accounts.*

Target 2c. Realize sexual and reproductive health and rights for all, and promote the rapid reduction in fertility to replacement level or below through exclusively voluntary means.

View Goal 2: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 3: Ensure Effective Learning for All Children and Youth for Life and Livelihood

All girls and boys complete affordable and high-quality early childhood development programs, and primary and secondary education to prepare them for the challenges of modern life and decent livelihoods. All youth and adults have access to continuous lifelong learning to acquire functional literacy, numeracy, and skills to earn a living through decent employment or self-employment.

Target 3a. All children under the age of 5 reach their developmental potential through access to quality early childhood development programs and policies.

Target 3b. All girls and boys receive quality primary and secondary education that focuses on learning outcomes and on reducing the dropout rate to zero.

Target 3c. Ensure that all youth transition effectively into the labor market.*

View Goal 3: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 4: Achieve Gender Equality, Social Inclusion, and Human Rights for All
Ensure gender equality, human rights, the rule of law, and universal access to public services. Reduce relative poverty and other inequalities that cause social exclusion. Prevent and eliminate violence and exploitation, especially for women and children.

Target 4a. Monitor and end discrimination and inequalities in public service delivery, the rule of law, access to justice, and participation in political and economic life on the basis of gender, ethnicity, religion, disability, national origin, and social or other status.

Target 4b. Reduce by half the proportion of households with incomes less than half of the national median income (relative poverty).

Target 4c. Prevent and eliminate violence against individuals, especially women and children.*

View Goal 4: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 5: Achieve Health and Wellbeing at All Ages
All countries achieve universal health coverage at every stage of life, with particular emphasis on primary health services, including mental and reproductive health, to ensure that all people receive quality health services without suffering financial hardship. Countries implement policies to create enabling social conditions that promote the health of populations and help individuals make healthy and sustainable decisions related to their daily living.

Target 5a. Ensure universal coverage of quality healthcare, including the prevention and treatment of communicable and non-communicable diseases, sexual and reproductive health, family planning, routine immunization, and mental health, according the highest priority to primary health care.

Target 5b. End preventable deaths by reducing child mortality to [20] or fewer deaths per 1000 births, maternal mortality to [40] or fewer deaths per 100,000 live births, and mortality under 70 years of age from non-communicable diseases by at least 30 percent compared with the level in 2015.

Target 5c. Implement policies to promote and monitor healthy diets, physical activity and subjective wellbeing; reduce unhealthy behaviors such as tobacco use by [30%] and harmful use of alcohol by [20%].

View Goal 5: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 6: Improve Agriculture Systems and Raise Rural Prosperity

Improve farming practices, rural infrastructure, and access to resources for food production to increase the productivity of agriculture, livestock, and fisheries, raise smallholder incomes, reduce environmental impacts, promote rural prosperity, and ensure resilience to climate change.

Target 6a. Ensure sustainable food production systems with high yields and high efficiency of water, soil nutrients, and energy, supporting nutritious diets with low food losses and waste.*

Target 6b. Halt forest and wetland conversion to agriculture, protect soil resources, and ensure that farming systems are resilient to climate change and disasters.*

Target 6c. Ensure universal access in rural areas to basic resources and infrastructure services (land, water, sanitation, modern energy, transport, mobile and broadband communication, agricultural inputs, and advisory services).

View Goal 6: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 7: Empower Inclusive, Productive, and Resilient Cities

Make all cities socially inclusive, economically productive, environmentally sustainable, secure, and resilient to climate change and other risks. Develop participatory, accountable, and effective city governance to support rapid and equitable urban transformation.

Target 7a. End extreme urban poverty, expand employment and productivity, and raise living standards, especially in slums.*

Target 7b. Ensure universal access to a secure and affordable built environment and basic urban services including housing; water, sanitation and waste management; low-carbon energy and transport; and mobile and broadband communication.

Target 7c. Ensure safe air and water quality for all, and integrate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, efficient land and resource use, and climate and disaster resilience into investments and standards.*

View Goal 7: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 8: Curb Human-Induced Climate Change and Ensure Sustainable Energy

Curb greenhouse gas emissions from energy, industry, agriculture, the built environment, and land-use change to ensure a peak of global CO2 emissions by 2020 and to limit global average temperature increases to the levels agreed under the UNFCCC (currently 2°C). Promote sustainable energy for all.

Target 8a. Decarbonize the energy system, ensure clean energy for all, and improve energy efficiency, with targets for 2020, 2030, and 2050.*

Target 8b. Reduce non-energy-related emissions of greenhouse gases through improved practices in agriculture, forestry, waste management, and industry.*

Target 8c. Adopt incentives, including pricing greenhouse gas emissions, to curb climate change and promote technology transfer to developing countries.*

View Goal 8: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 9: Secure Biodiversity and Ensure Good Management of Water, Oceans, Forests and Natural Resources

Biodiversity, marine and terrestrial ecosystems of local, regional, and global significance are inventoried, managed, and monitored to ensure the continuation of resilient and adaptive life support systems and to support sustainable development. Water, oceans, forests, and other natural resources are managed sustainably and transparently to support inclusive economic and human development.

Target 9a. Ensure resilient and productive ecosystems by adopting policies and legislation that address drivers of ecosystem degradation, and requiring individuals, businesses and governments to pay the social cost of pollution and use of environmental services.*

Target 9b. Participate in and support regional and global arrangements to inventory, monitor, and protect biomes and environmental commons of regional and global significance and curb trans-boundary environmental harms, with robust systems in place no later than 2020.

Target 9c. All governments and businesses commit to the sustainable, integrated, and transparent management of water, agricultural land, forests, fisheries, mining, and hydrocarbon resources to support inclusive economic development and the achievement of all SDGs.*

View Goal 9: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs
Goal 10: Transform Governance and Technologies for Sustainable Development

The public sector, business, and other stakeholders commit to good governance, including transparency, accountability, access to information, participation, an end to tax and secrecy havens, and efforts to stamp out corruption. The international rules governing international finance, trade, corporate reporting, technology, and intellectual property are made consistent with achieving the SDGs. The financing of poverty reduction and global public goods including efforts to head off climate change are strengthened and based on a graduated set of global rights and responsibilities.

Target 10a. Governments (national and local) and major companies support the SDGs, provide integrated reporting by 2020, and reform international rules to achieve the goals.*

Target 10b. Adequate domestic and international finance for the Sustainable Development Goals, including 0.7 percent of GNI in ODA for all high-income countries and an additional $100 billion per year in climate finance by 2020 from developed-country Parties to the UNFCCC.

Target 10c. Accelerate adoption new technologies for the SDGs.*

View Goal 10: Targets, Indicators, Evidence, and FAQs


Goals and Targets are for 2030 unless otherwise noted. Targets marked with (*) need to be specified at country or sub-national level. Each target will require one or more indicators.