Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI, Indonesian Institute of Sciences) was officially established on 23 August 1967. Its history however can be traced by Presidential Act no. 128/1967 following a letter of People Representative Assembly (MPRS) no. 18/B/1967 concerning the merging of National Research Institute (LEMRENAS) and Indonesian Council of Science (MIPI).

The history of LIPI as scientific organization could be traced to the nineteenth century when a Botanical Garden (Land’s Plantentuin) was developed in Bogor by C.G.L Reindwardt and the Batavia Association Arts and Science (Bataviaasch Gennotschap voor Kunsten and Wetenschappen) was established by J.C. Rademacher, followed by the formation of Natural Science Board for Netherlands India (Natuurwetenschapelijk Raad voor Nederlandsch Indie) in 1928. This board was reorganized in 1948 to become Organization for Research on Natural Science (Organisatie voor Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek). After Indonesia’s independence, MIPI was founded in 1956, this organization rechange its name to Lembaga Penyelidikan Ilmu Alam (Research Institute for Natural Science) and was put under the newly founded Department of Natural Research Affairs (DURENAS) and was given additional duties to develop LEMRENAS.

The organization of LIPI was restructured in 1986 and 2001. The 2001 reorganization was based on Presidential Act no. 178/2000 on the Organization Structure and Duties of Non-departmental Research Institutions, followed by letters No. 1151/M/2001, 1008/M/2002, 1027/M/2003, and 321/M/2004 signed by Chairman of LIPI, these letters consisted regulation of various aspects of Organization, Working Mechanism, and main Duties of LIPI.

LIPI is a non departmental research institution belongs to the government. The Chairman of LIPI is directly responsible to the President of the Republic of Indonesia. At present, LIPI is one of the five Non-ministerial Government Institutes (Lembaga Pemerintah Non Departemen-LPND) coordinated by the State Ministry of Research and Technology (Kementrian Negara Riset dan Teknologi-KNRT).

The formation of a just, enlightened, creative, integrated, and dynamic society, supported by science and technology.

1.   To master science and technology in the incessant efforts of strengthening national unity and of vitalizing the competitiveness of the nation.
2.   To participate in the endeavor to develop the national community through.