Antonio M.A. Pedro is a mineral exploration geologist with 30 years of experience in mineral resources development at national, sub-regional, and continental levels. He is currently Director of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)’s Sub-regional Office for Eastern Africa in Rwanda; previously, he was the Chief of Infrastructure and Natural Resources Development at ECA headquarters in Ethiopia. At ECA, he has been at the forefront of mineral policy analysis and formulation; he has played a leading role in the formulation of the Africa Mining Vision adopted by the African Union Heads of State in February 2009 and coordinated the work of the International Study Group on Africa’s Mineral Regimes. He has served as Director-General of the Southern and Eastern African Mineral Centre, a research centre in Tanzania, and Managing Director of several state-owned mining companies in Mozambique. A native of Mozambique, he has a Masters in Mineral Exploration from the Royal School of Mines at Imperial College, London.